Oliver Twist is a novel written by Charles Dickens, published in serial form from 1837 to 1839. The novel tells the story of an orphan named Oliver Twist, who is born in a workhouse and sold into apprenticeship as a child.Oliver is mistreated by his apprenticeship master and eventually runs away to London, where he meets a group of pickpockets led by the Artful Dodger. The Dodger introduces Oliver to his mentor, the elderly criminal Fagin, who trains Oliver in the art of thievery.
As Oliver becomes more involved with Fagin's gang, he becomes more aware of the injustice and corruption that surrounds him. He is eventually rescued by a wealthy man named Mr. Brownlow, who takes him in and helps him to start a new life.However, Oliver's past catches up with him when he is falsely accused of a crime and must flee for his life. He is aided in his escape by a kindly old woman named Nancy, who is also a member of Fagin's gang.
Nancy ultimately sacrifices her own life to protect Oliver and clear his name.Oliver Twist is a poignant tale of one young man's struggle for survival in the face of injustice and corruption. It is a classic work of Victorian literature that has been widely read and adapted for stage and screen.
Symbolism, Characters and Plot
In Oliver Twist, Charles Dickens uses symbolism to convey themes and ideas about society, poverty, and injustice. One example of symbolism in the novel is the workhouse where Oliver is born, which represents the harsh realities of poverty and the mistreatment of the poor. The workhouse is depicted as a cold, grim place where children are treated like commodities and are forced to work long hours for little or no pay.Another symbol in the novel is the character of Fagin, who represents the corrupting influence of crime and poverty.
Fagin is depicted as a sly, manipulative figure who preys on the vulnerability of young boys like Oliver and teaches them to steal in order to survive. The character of Nancy, on the other hand, represents the potential for redemption and the power of love to overcome even the most entrenched patterns of behavior.
Oliver Twist is the main character and protagonist of the novel. He is a young orphan who is mistreated and exploited throughout most of the novel, but ultimately finds kindness and acceptance in the end.The Artful Dodger is a member of Fagin's gang of pickpockets and serves as a foil to Oliver. While Oliver is innocent and naive, the Dodger is streetwise and cunning.Fagin is the leader of the gang of pickpockets and serves as the main antagonist of the novel.
He is depicted as a greedy, manipulative figure who will do whatever it takes to protect his own interests.Nancy is a member of Fagin's gang who ultimately helps Oliver to escape and clear his name. Despite her involvement in criminal activities, she is a complex and sympathetic character who ultimately sacrifices her own life for Oliver's safety.
The plot of Oliver Twist follows the journey of the titular character from his birth in a workhouse to his eventual rescue and redemption. The novel begins with the birth of Oliver in a workhouse and his subsequent sale into apprenticeship as a child. After running away from his apprenticeship, Oliver is taken in by a group of pickpockets led by the Artful Dodger and Fagin.
As Oliver becomes more involved with the gang, he becomes more aware of the injustice and corruption that surrounds him. He is eventually rescued by Mr. Brownlow, a wealthy man who takes him in and helps him to start a new life. However, Oliver's past catches up with him when he is falsely accused of a crime and must flee for his life. He is aided in his escape by Nancy, who ultimately sacrifices her own life to protect Oliver and clear his name. The novel ends with Oliver being reunited with his long-lost family and finding happiness and acceptance.