Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. He is often hailed as one of America's greatest heroes due to his role as leader during the American Civil War and his work to end slavery.
Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, in a one-room log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky. His family was poor and his education was limited, but he was a voracious reader and taught himself about a wide range of subjects. In 1834, Lincoln was elected to the Illinois state legislature and later served in the United States House of Representatives.
In 1858, Lincoln ran for the U.S. Senate against Stephen A. Douglas and lost, but the debates between the two men during the campaign made Lincoln a national figure. In 1860, he was nominated as the Republican Party's candidate for president and won the election, becoming the first president from that party.One of Lincoln's main goals as president was to preserve the Union, which was threatened by the issue of slavery. He believed that slavery was wrong and wanted it to be abolished, but he also believed that the Union was more important and that it was necessary to preserve it at all costs.
In 1862, Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that all slaves in the Confederate states were free. This was a major turning point in the Civil War and helped to shift the focus of the conflict from preserving the Union to ending slavery.Despite his many accomplishments, Lincoln faced many challenges during his presidency.
He was constantly criticized by both sides of the political spectrum and was unpopular with many people. In 1865, he was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth while attending a play at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. His death was a great shock to the nation and he is still remembered today as one of America's greatest presidents.