Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece. His father, Nicomachus, was the personal physician to King Amyntas of Macedon.
Aristotle was trained and educated as a member of Plato's Academy in Athens, and he remained there until the age of 37, when Plato died. He then left Athens to conduct philosophical and biological research in Asia Minor, and eventually returned to Macedon, where he served as the tutor to Alexander the Great.Aristotle's philosophy encompassed metaphysics, ethics, politics, biology, and other subjects.
He is best known for his work in metaphysics, where he developed the concept of substance, which he believed was the fundamental reality underlying all things. He also developed the concept of causation, which he believed was the underlying principle that explained the relationship between events and the underlying causes of those events.
In ethics, Aristotle argued that the highest good was the good life, or eudaimonia, which he believed was achieved through the cultivation of virtue. He also argued that the best form of government was a constitutional monarchy, in which a virtuous ruler governed with the advice and consent of the people.
In the field of biology, Aristotle made significant contributions to the study of anatomy and physiology, and he is credited with the development of the concept of the five elements, which were believed to be the fundamental building blocks of the universe.Throughout his life, Aristotle wrote extensively on a wide range of subjects, and his works have had a profound influence on Western philosophy and science. He died in Chalcis, Euboea, in 322 BCE at the age of 62.