Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great (also known as Cyrus II of Persia) was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire and is considered one of the greatest rulers in history
Cyrus the Great (also known as Cyrus II of Persia) was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire and is considered one of the greatest rulers in history. He was born in 550 BC in Anshan, a city in southwestern Iran, and died in 529 BC in Pasargadae, also in Iran.
Cyrus the Great was the son of Cambyses I, the king of Anshan, and Mandane of Media. He became king of Anshan in 550 BC and later expanded his kingdom through military conquests, eventually establishing the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from the eastern Mediterranean to present-day Afghanistan.
Cyrus the Great is known for his military victories and for his policies of religious tolerance and cultural assimilation. He is also remembered for issuing the Cyrus Cylinder, a document that is considered one of the first declarations of human rights in history. In addition to his military and political accomplishments, Cyrus the Great is also remembered for his contributions to the arts and literature.
He was a patron of the arts and is credited with promoting the spread of the Persian language and culture throughout the Achaemenid Empire. Cyrus the Great died in 529 BC while on a military campaign in the eastern part of his empire. He was succeeded by his son Cambyses II.