top of page

Talcolt Parsons

Talcolt Parsons

Talcott Parsons was an American sociologist who was born in 1902 and died in 1979. He is best known for his contributions to the study of social systems and the development of structural functionalism, a perspective that focuses on the ways in which social institutions contribute to the stability and continuity of society.

Parsons argued that society is made up of various interdependent parts, or social systems, such as the economic system, the political system, and the family system. These systems are held together by shared values and norms, and they work together to meet the basic needs of society.

Parsons developed the concept of "pattern variables," which he used to analyze how different societies balance competing values and achieve social order. He argued that societies must balance individual freedom and social control, and that they must also balance the need for adaptation to their environment with the need for integration and stability within the society.

Parsons also made significant contributions to the study of the family and the role it plays in society. He argued that the family is a crucial social institution that helps to socialize children and provide them with the skills and values they need to function in society.

Overall, Parsons' contributions to sociology have had a lasting impact on the discipline and have helped to shape the way we think about social systems and the role of social institutions in maintaining social order and stability.

bottom of page